Tianshui, a well - known historical and cultural city on the Euro-Asian Continental Bridge is located in the Southeast of Gansu Province. It is the hometown of Fuxi , the legendary earliest ancestor of human kind.
l . Natural Environment
1-1 . Geography & Climate :
At latitude 34.05 -- 35.10 N and longitude 106.35 ---106.44 E, Tianshui borders on Baoji, Shanxi Province in the east; East Gansu in the north; South Gansu in the west and Sichuan Province in the south. lt's 366 km. away from Lanzhou and 310 km. from Xi'an. Tianshui has an elevation of 900 m. -- 2700 m. , with an average of 1100 m. The climate is ontinental warm temperate and semi--humid with an average annnual temperature of 11.5C , annual forest free period of 185 days , annual precipitation of 500 mm -- 600 mm, and annual sunshine of 2115. 7 hours. Thus Tianshui is honoured "Little Jiangnan" in Northeast of China because of its pleasant weather.
1-2. Region & Population :
Tianshui extends across the Yangzi River and the Yellow River systems. It is 195 km. long from east to west and 121 km. wide from north to south. Having Jurisdiction over two districts of Qincheng and Beidao , five Hui Autonomous counties , namely Qingshui ,Qin'an , Gangu , Wushan and Zhangjiachuan , Tianshui has a total area of 14,325 square kilometres and a population of 3.21 million ( City population of 400 thousand). There are 28 nationalities in Tianshui City, with Han nationality as the main.
1-3. Natural Resources :
Tianshui City is rich in natural resources. It is known that there are more than 30 kinds of mineral resources including lead , zinc , copper, magnesium, gold, limestone, serpentine, dolornite and talcum. The non - metal minerals are not only abudant in reserves but also with convient transportation -- near the railways. The reserves of serpentine in Wushan County reaches 1 billion tons, ranking first in China. The famous "Cup of Phosphorescent Jade" is made from it.
The main cereal crops are wheat, cotton , potato, Chinese sorghum, millet and bean; main industrial crops are rape, flax , hemp and tobacco ;melon crops are radish , Chinese cabbage, wild cabbage , carrot , celery , tornato , eggplant , pepper , chive , garlic, scallion , water -- melon and cucumber. And there are various fruit trees , such as apple , peach , apricot , plumit , persimmon and grape, especially rich in apple trees. Tianshui , with an annual apple output of 100 million kilograms, is one of the ten biggest apple bases in the country. Quality fruits and vegetables , such as "Huaniu Apple", "Mutan Garlic Stalk", "Gangu Pepper" and "Qin'an Chinese Prickly Ash" are sold all over the country. "HuaniuApple" won the golden prize at 94' Bangkok International Fair.
With Xiaolong Mountain. Guan Mountain and West Qinling forest zones, Tianshui has 27.1% forest coverage. It has 235 kinds of trees and 337 kinds of shrubs , and 3.7 cubic meters storage of living trees. There are more than 170 forest and side products including root of codonopsis pilosula, bamboo , wild pepper , raw lacquer, edible fungus , chessnut and brake fern. Also there are various kinds of wild animals, among which 18 are rare animals under state protection, such as sika deer, white leopard , antelope, giant salamanders, macque monkey, musk deer, white buttock deer, red belly pheasant and golden cat .