Baiyin is a city directly under Gansu Province, located in the center of Longhai and Lanxin Economical Zone, upper reaches of the Yellow River. It is a developing city as industrial and mineral base with a reputation of Copper City. In 1997, the nation proved Baiyin one of the experimental cities for capital restructuring.
Located at the part of intersection of 103°33’--105°34’E and 35°33’-37° 38’N,Baiyin borders on 13 counties of three provinces or districts (Ningxia Huizu Autonomous Region on the east, Pingliang District, Dingxi District of Gansu Province on the southeast, south and southwest parts, Langzhou on the west, Wuwei District on the northwest, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Ningxia Huizu Autonomous Region on the north and northeast parts). The terrain is higher in the north and south parts owning a elevation of 1275-3321m.
Baiyin is in the center of the Eurasian Continent. Being continental monsoon climate, Baiyin has better weather in summers and winters. Annual sunshine time is 2,500-2,700 hours. January is the coldest month with average temperature-8-7.7C. Summer average temperature is 19-22C. Frost-free period is 190 days per year. Annual average precipitation is 185-500mm (July, August and September’s occupying 60% of the whole year.)
Baiyin stretches for 249.25km from south to north and 174.75km from east to west, is composed of three counties (Huining, Jingyuan and Jingtai) and two districts (Baiyin, Pingchuan). IN 1996, the total population was 1,670,000(urban 270,000).
Baiyin is rich in land resources and has a lot of mountains and rivers. The Yellow River crosses Baiyin at a length of 214km. Total volume of water resources is 33.43 billion M3 (0.765 billion M3 utilizable). Hydropower to be exploited is 3 million kw. There are 6,682,000 mu of cultivated land, 20,000,000 mu of grassland and 1,290,000 mu of forestry. Crops include wheat, maize, gruel, rice, etc. Local specialties for export include Daban black melon seed, soybean, hyacinth bean, Tan sheep skin, etc.
Baiyin is also rich in minerals. It got its name 600 years ago for Baiyin Factory, an official institution which handled the excavation of gold and silver. It is clarified that there are more than 30 kinds of metal and nonmetal minerals like copper, zinc, gold, silver and coal. The reserve of coal is 1.4 billion tons, gypsum 0.2 billion tons and limestone 1 billion tons which are being or to be exploited. Containing useful trace elements, mineral water in Huining County is proved to be high quality.
[Tourism Resources]Baiyin has a long history and glorious tradition. There are many remains of ancient culture and natural views like Banshan Cultural Relic, the Great Wall of Ming Dynasty, Faquansi Cave, Wulang Mountain, Tiemu Mountain, Taohua Mountain, Baiyin is also a memorial place for the Join Forces of the Red Army. Huining County was proved to be a national patriotism educational base. The remains of ancient culture, the Silk Road and the route of the Long Mach.