[Region and Population]
Wuwei, also named Liangzhou, which is repulated the "Silver Wuwein and located in the east end of Hexi Passageway , Gansu Province, with the Wuqiao peak of Qilian Mountains to the south and Badan Jilin Desert and Tengeli Desert of inner Mongolia Auionomous Region to the north, is a vital communications point along the ancient Silk Road. Presently , it governs Wuwei City ,Minqin County, Gulang County and Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County, covers an area of 33,238.04 km2 with a population of 1,8445 million including 26 minor nations like Han, Tibet , Tu , Hui, Meng, Dongxiang , etc.
According to the geologyical data in hand, 90 catagories and 30 types of minerals have been explored, reserves of 15 types have been proved, in which ilmenite and graphite both domesticly have particular large depositsi non metal minerals and energy resources like cement rock, gypsum, mirabilite ,granite and coal hold a superior position in northwest ,and the reserves of metal minerals like manganese, copper and gold are enormous with great exploring potentialities.
Wuwei area is the major production base of commercial grains, oil, fruit and melons of the province as well as the major breeding base of ihe thin baired alphine sheep and white yaks. With 400 kinds of crops , 140 kinds of woods and fruits , 754 kinds of herbage, 26 kinds of doniestic fowls and aninials , 32 kinds of wild animals and 250 kinds of crude drugs. This area is rich in plant and animal resources such as wheat , corn , apple, bean , leather, etc. Some of the main agricultural and husbandary products have entered the markets of southeast Asia and CIS such as licorice root , sheep pile.
Wuwei covers an area of 332,380,000 ha2 , with cultivaied land accounting for 13.17%. garden plot accounting for 0.04% , forest 8.6% and nieadow 32%.
Wuwei area lies within a branch of Shiyanghe River basin with the water resource mainly from Qilian Mountain areas. Water resource total l. 458 billion m3(the waier on the surface l.394 billion m3 and the water under the surface 640 million m3) . There are 20 small and medium reservoirs in the area with a total capacity of 241.5 million m3. The annual water supply of rescrvoirs comes to 862 million m3. 77 irragation ditches have been built to irragate 19 fields with available irragation areas of 191,300 ha.
As the historic and cultural city. Wuwei City and Minqin County have many famous historic sites and relics with 543 relics preservation places and more than 30, 000 pieces of uncovered relics such as the running copper horse which is symbol of Chinese tourism and Wuwei, Xixia stele , Tiantishan grotto , Wuwei temple. White Tower Temple Ruin, ancient Great Wall ruins, Haizang Temple, Leitai Taoist Temple, Wuwei desert park, the rare wild animal center. Minqin desert plant garden, the desert reservoir and Tianzhu Three-Gorge , etc. A fanshaped tourist development , zone has come int been with Wuwei as axle center .expanding north to Mingqing, south to Tianzhu .