Jinchang, known as China's Nickel Capital, is a newly - built industrial city on the New Asia - Europe Contintal Bridge.
1 . Natural Environment :
1-1 . Geography & Climate :
At latitude 38"30'N and longitude 102"10'E, Jinchang City lies in the eastern sector of the Hexi Corridor, at the north foot of Qilian Mountaints and on the southern edge of Arasan tablelands. Its topographic conditions incline from west to northeast, mainly haveing mountains , also having deserts, plains and grasslands , spreading from north to south. In the southern part , Qilian Mountain is a good pastoral area, with natural forest and grass covering 75% of it : In the middle, plains and grasslands are main agricultural production area : and the northern part is the deserts and oasis. The climate is the temperate continental with an average annual temperature of 4.8C, annual rainfall of 173.3mm, and annual frost - free period of 134 days.
1-2. Regions & popultions :
Jinchang borders on Wuwei City in the east , Minle and Sandan County in the west. Sunan Yugu Nationality Autonomous county of Qinghai Province in the south and inner - Mongolia Auionomous Region in the north. Jinchang municipality administers Yongchang county and Jinchuan district with a total coverage of 9,593 kilometres. In 1995, it had population of 416.4 thousand, including 27 nationalities, with non - farming personnel occupying 176.8 thousand and Han Nationality 98.8%.
l-3. Natural Resources :
Jinchang is aboundant in mineral resources, and rich reserves. The proven ores are more than 45 sorts such as nickel, cobalt, copper , uranium , gold, sliver , iron , aluminium, zinc , stibiurn, platinum. palladium,osmium, iridium, ruthenium , rhodium , petroleum , coal , sulpher, fluorite , bentonite , quartzite, marble, granite, dolomit, alta - mud, clay, cann, crystal, agate and etc. Its nickel sulphide reservealready explored is the second largest all over the world. The precious platinum group metal take the firsti place of China, the reserve of copper, cobalt is the second largest of China, and the non -- metal reserves also play an important role.
There are about 470 kinds of wild plants and animals in Jinchang, among which there are 11 kinds of grade 2 or 3 animals under the state protection, and over 30 kinds of rare medical herbs.
Including 107,600 hectares of arable land, the total cultivaied area is 959,300 hectares 34.6 mu per capita, which is higher than the average nuniber of the whole province and the country. Here, wheat, bean, and castor -- oil plant grow very well on the vast and fertile land. The 30,400 hectares of grassland is closed and rich, but the 37,400 hectares of forestland is few withered and scaitered. With 452.300 hectares of uncultivated land , Jinchang has a certain protentiality in exploiting agriculture land resource.